Fitness can be profoundly influenced by the age at first reproduction (AFR), but to date the AFR–fitness relationship only has been investigated intraspecifically. Here, we investigated the relationship between AFR and average lifetime reproductive success (LRS) across 34 bird species. We assessed differences in the deviation of the Optimal AFR (i.e., the species-specific AFR associated with the highest LRS) from the age at sexual maturity, considering potential effects of life history as well as social and ecological factors. Most individuals adopted the species-specific Optimal AFR and both the mean and Optimal AFR of species correlated positively with life span. Interspecific deviations of the Optimal AFR were associated with indices reflecting a change in LRS or survival as a function of AFR: a delayed AFR was beneficial in species where early AFR was associated with a decrease in subsequent survival or reproductive output. Overall, our results suggest that a delayed onset of reproduction beyond maturity is an optimal strategy explained by a long life span and costs of early reproduction. By providing the first empirical confirmations of key predictions of life-history theory across species, this study contributes to a better understanding of life-history evolution.
October 15, 2019 /Sports News – Local Richfield’s Girls Win Region 12 Cross Country Title Tuesday Written by Tags: Richfield Cross Country/South Sevier Cross Country FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailHELPER, Utah-Tuesday, Richfield’s girls won the Region 12 cross country championship meet title at the Carbon Country Club golf course, with Carbon High School serving as the host school.The Wildcats’ girls posted a score of 59 points to best second-place Carbon, as the Dinos posted a score of 66. South Sevier’s girls finished with a score of 52, placing them sixth overall.Grand’s Kylah Ricks took the individual region title in a time of 18:25.90 during the 3-mile course, the standard distance that both boys and girls competitors ran Tuesday.Richfield’s Nora Foster placed second (20:44.30) while the Wildcats were also bolstered by Jamie Holt (21:44.00) who placed ninth, Melissa Crane (22:32.50), the 12th-place finisher, Carli Begay (22:51.30) who finished 15th, Aspen Workman, who placed 21st (23:25.60), Karlee Thomas (23:43.90) who finished 24th, McKenna Alger (24:34.00) and Elena Torgersen (24:46.30) who placed 29th and 30th respectively, Tessi Begay (25:21.00) who finished 39th, Hannah Steele (27:05.40), Addison Barclay (27:25.90) and KyLee Anderson (27:29.00) who placed 44th through 46th and Ariana Paul (29:34.70) who placed 48th.South Sevier was paced by 18th place finisher Lainey Obray (23:14.40) and Sarah Barben (25:24.70) who finished 40th overall.For the boys, Carbon took the team title with a score of 43 while Richfield finished second with a score of 48. South Sevier placed sixth with a score of 154.Evan Ellison of Grand took the individual region title in a time of 15:43.70 while Richfield star, Hayden Harward, placed second (15:49.00).Other Richfield standouts included ninth-place finisher Richard Crane (16:35.20), Cannon Anderson (17:00.90) and Tyler Johnson (17:02.00) who finished 11th and 12th respectively.Richfield was also paced by Nick Woolsey (17:04.90) in 14th place, Mason Solt in 17th place (17:28.80), Cody Rivers in 22nd place (18:08.70), Tyler Saunders in 24th place (18:25.60), Tyler Winters in 30th place (18:45.40), Daran Beard in 32nd place (18:51.10), Caleb Matthews (18:51.70) and Carson Utley (18:52.40) in 34th and 35th place respectively, Keenan Janke (19:06.50) in 38th place, Mitchell Goold (19:06.70) in 40th place, Harrison Brown (19:38.20), Joshua Matthews (19:39.70) and Cameron Jewkes (19:41.70) in 48th-50th place, Hunter Alger (19:45.90) in 52nd place, Spencer Christensen (19:53.40) in 54th place, Adam Olson (20:22.40) in 59th place, Sam Torgersen (20:53.50) in 63rd place, Jaron Thomas (21:26.70) in 67th place, David Dastrup (21:43.20) in 73rd place, Cason Southwick (21:45.30) in 74th place, Zackary Sweitzer (21:51.20) in 76th place, Jayden Lewis (22:35.50) in 84th place, Bryson Paul (22:52.50) in 86th place, Max Graf (23:50.40) in 89th place, Mac Ogden (24:05.90) in 91st place, Tanner Huntsman (24:19.90), Preston Barclay (24:21.80) and Bridger Morrill (25:15.30) in 95th-97th place, Randon Sandall in 101st place (25:56.50) and Bodie Brown in 103rd place (26:03.00).South Sevier was paced by 18th-place finisher Blake Vellinga (17:38.00), 39th-place finisher Clancy Eyre (19:06.60), 43rd-place finisher Brodie Owens (19:08.40), Jarin Robb (19:25.70) and Logan Hansen (19:29.30) who finished 45th and 46th respectively, Tanner Torgerson (19:41.90) who placed 51st, 64th-place finisher Camden Larsen (21:00.80), 75th-place finisher Caleb Jenkins (21:45.40), 77th-place finisher Taeson Brady (21:51.30), 81st-place finisher Ethan Morgan (22:17.10), 88th-place finisher Elijah Peterson (23:35.60), 90th-place finisher Jarom Bergfeld (23:50.60), 92nd-place finisher Alex Williams (24:09.20), 100th-place finisher Hafen Smith (25:39.10) and Hayden Hansen (28:07.90) who finished 104th overall. Brad James
Tags: Snow Badgers Football Written by FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailEPHRAIM, Utah-Saturday, the Snow College Badgers’ football squad returned to action for a rare appearance in the autumn by downing Air Force Prep 47-3 at Stoddard Field at Badger Stadium in a scrimmage.The Badgers outgained the Huskies 596-123 in averaging 8.1 yards per snap.Signal-caller Garrison Beach got back into his groove by completing 24-26 passes for 342 yards, 4 touchdowns and an interception.Garrison Beach with a figurative day at the beach as he throws a 48-yard TD pass to Larson. Snow leads 33-0. Beach is 17-19, 279 yards, 3 TD’s/INT— Brad James (@BradfatherSpeak) October 10, 2020Additionally, tailback Jajuan Cherry amassed 106 scrimmage yards on 8 touches and ran for scoring yards of 40 and 10 yards.Tejhaun Palmer also hauled in four passes for 62 yards and a pair of scores for the Badgers in the win.Snow College hopes to return to the gridiron in March for the spring season . Brad James October 10, 2020 /Sports News – Local Snow Football Downs Air Force Prep 47-3 in Saturday Scrimmage
The Japanese firm has increased stake in the producing Lucius and Hadrian North fields to 10.1% Hadrian North producing crude oil and natural gas since April 2019. (Credit: Kasey Houston from FreeImages) Inpex has acquired an additional stake of 2.3% in the Lucius and Hadrian North fields in the US Gulf of Mexico (GOM) from ExxonMobil.The transaction carried out by its subsidiary Inpex Americas increases the Japanese oil and gas company’s participating interest in the two producing offshore fields to 10.1%.Prior to the transaction, ExxonMobil held a stake of 23.2% in the fields.The Japanese firm stated: “Inpex’s acquisition of additional interest in the Lucius and Hadrian North fields contributes to the sustainable growth of oil and natural gas E&P activities, one of the business targets outlined in the company’s Vision 2040 announced in May 2018.“Inpex will continue to actively take part in the exploration, development and production of crude oil and natural gas in the Gulf of Mexico.”The two oil and gas fields are operated by Occidental Petroleum.The Lucius field is located in Keathley Canyon blocks 874, 875, 918, and 919, while the Hadrian North Field located in Keathley Canyon blocks 918 and 919.Located nearly 380km off the coast of Louisiana, the Lucius field has been producing crude oil and natural gas since 2015.The Hadrian North field was unitized in 2017 with the nearby Lucius Field.Since then, it has been developed jointly with the Lucius field using the latter’s production facilities.Hadrian North has been producing crude oil and natural gas since April 2019.The hydrocarbons produced from the Lucius and Hadrian North fields are processed at an offshore production facility whose daily processing capacity is nearly 80,000 barrels of crude oil and around 4.5 million cubic feet of natural gas.The processed oil and gas are transported and shipped through subsea pipelines to an onshore facility in Louisiana.
Compensation – Commensurate with qualifications andexperience. See Benefits Summary for details.Starting Date – August 2021Eligibility – Employment is contingent upon proof ofeligibility to work in the United States.Application ProcedureClick Apply Now to complete the SJSU Online Employment Applicationand attach the following documents for full consideration byJanuary 13, 2021: letter of interest (cover letter)curriculum vitaestatement of teaching interests/philosophy (2 pages) thatincludes what role faculty play in student successresearch plans (2 pages) including the candidate plans toengage undergraduate and MS students in researchdiversity statement (2 pages) that discusses the candidate’sexperience with and/or future plans to promote equity, inclusion,or diversity in biology and/or STEM,three references with contact information Responsibilities The successful candidate is expected to develop a researchprogram, publish in peer reviewed journals, obtain extramuralresearch grants, and involve masters and undergraduate students inresearch.Teaching duties include Virology, participation in GeneralMicrobiology and rigorous upper-division lecture and/or laboratorycourses such as Microbial Pathogenesis, Molecular Diagnostics, anddevelopment of graduate level microbiology courses in theapplicant’s area of expertise. Teaching duties may also includeparticipation in the freshman core biology series and curriculumdevelopment.Participate in curriculum development and teaching of othercourses to meet the needs of the program and its diverse studentpopulation.Participate in shared governance, usually in department,college, and university committees and other serviceassignments.Demonstrate awareness and experience understanding the needs ofa student population of great diversity – in age, culturalbackground, ethnicity, primary language and academic preparation –through inclusive course materials, teaching strategies andadvisement. Post-doctoral experience in Virology or a related field ishighly recommended.Specialization in Virology, Infectious Disease, Epidemiology,or Health Disparities.Teaching experience in Virology, Microbiology orImmunology.Evidence of undergraduate or graduate research studentmentoring.Experience working with Black, Latinx, Indigenous, and otherracially minoritized students in the classroom or research lab, andan understanding of how historical patterns of exclusion of thesegroups within higher education and STEM Disciplines shape patternsof participation and outcomes. Preferred Qualifications Ph.D. degree in Virology, Microbiology, or Immunology.Publication record reflective of the candidate’s professionalexperience and the potential to become an excellentteacher-scholarDemonstrate an awareness of and sensitivity to the educationalgoals of a multicultural population as might have been gained incross-cultural study, training, teaching and other comparableexperience. Inquiries may be directed to Dr. Shelley Cargill (Department Chair,[email protected] ).The UniversitySan José State University enrolls over 35,700 students, asignificant percentage of whom are members of minority groups. Thisposition is for scholars interested in a career at an institutionthat is a national leader in graduating URM students. SJSU is aHispanic Serving Institution (HSI) and Asian American and NativeAmerican Pacific Islander (AANAPISI) Serving Institution; 40% ofour students are first-generation, and 38% are Pell-qualified. Theuniversity is currently ranked third nationally in increasingstudent upward mobility. The University is committed to increasingthe diversity of its faculty so our disciplines, students, and thecommunity can benefit from multiple ethnic and genderperspectives.San José State University is California’s oldest institution ofpublic higher learning. Located in downtown San José (Pop.1,000,000) in the heart of Silicon Valley, SJSU is part of one ofthe most innovative regions in the world. As Silicon Valley’spublic university, SJSU combines dynamic teaching, research, anduniversity-industry experiences to prepare students to address thebiggest problems facing society. SJSU is a member of the 23-campusCalifornia State University (CSU) system.Equal Employment StatementSan José State University is an Affirmative Action/EqualOpportunity Employer. We consider qualified applicants foremployment without regard to race, color, religion, nationalorigin, age, gender, gender identity/expression, sexualorientation, genetic information, medical condition, maritalstatus, veteran status, or disability. This policy applies to allSan José State University students, faculty, and staff as well asUniversity programs and activities. Reasonable accommodations aremade for applicants with disabilities who self-disclose. Note thatall San José State University employees are considered mandatedreporters under the California Child Abuse and Neglect ReportingAct and are required to comply with the requirements set forth inCSU Executive Order 1083 as a condition of employment.Additional InformationA background check (including a criminal records check) must becompleted satisfactorily before any candidate can be offered aposition with the CSU. Failure to satisfactorily complete thebackground check may affect the application status of applicants orcontinued employment of current CSU employees who apply for theposition.Advertised: November 03, 2020 (9:00 AM) Pacific StandardTimeApplications close: Department SummaryThe Department of Biological Sciences at San José State Universityinvites applications for a tenure-track position in the field ofVirology. We are a team of dedicated teacher-scholars recognizedfor our commitment to excellent teaching, engaging students inresearch projects, and promoting equity, diversity, and inclusionin Biology and in STEM disciplines, more broadly.The Department of Biological Sciences offers degrees inBiology with concentrations of Microbiology, Molecular Biology, andSystems Physiology as well as degrees in Ecology & Evolutionand Marine Biology. The highest degree offered is the Master’s.There are approximately 1000 undergraduate majors and 65 Master’sstudents enrolled. Facilities include molecular and microbiologyresearch and teaching labs (BSL2 capable), confocal lasermicroscopy (Zeiss 700) and imaging, flow cytometry (FACSCalibur& FACScan) facility, cell culture facilities, a ProteomicsFacility (QTOF LC/MS/MS, 2D Gel, TYPHOON Imager, and AKTA fplcsystems), anatomy and physiology research and teaching labs, animalfacilities, bioinformatics and general computing labs, greenhouses,herbarium, plant growth chambers, and museums.Required Qualifications
Japanese-specialist bakery franchise Beard Papa is planning to link up with major developers to unveil 20 more stores in shopping centres in England by 2010, following success in Asia and the US.The cream puff pastry specialist already has a store in Oxford Street, London, and plans to open a kiosk at Bluewater shopping centre, a café at Highcross in Leicester and another facility at the Bull Ring in Birmingham.Willem Pupella, Beard Papa’s managing director in England, said most of the new developments would be kiosks rather than cafés, because high rents had to be taken into account. He added: “Our successful model is to use a small space to gain a high revenue.”Shopping centres were now the favoured sites, as performance was less conditioned by weather, security was better and high streets are “more reliant on footfall”, said Pupella.Beard Papa is linking up with Westfield, the Australian shopping centre firm, which has a development in Derby, and plans to extend this co-operation. Each store sells the signature cream puff, an eclair cream puff with chocolate on top, cheesecakes, tiramisu and chocolate fondant.There are now more than 300 Beard Papa stores worldwide.
Glasgow-based pizza supplier The Victor Pizza Company is to expand and upgrade its production capability after securing new funding.The family-run business has been awarded a £152,000 regional selective assistance grant from Scottish Enterprise that will create 15 full-time jobs, and safeguard a further seven, over the next three years.The Victor Pizza Company supplies finished pizzas and pizza bases to the wholesale market. Among its products is a range of bases containing seaweed to reduce the salt content in the pizza. The company plans to target these at schools, colleges and health boards.The funding will be used for a new cooling system, and to upgrade the food preparation area and equipment.Established in 1974, the company changed hands to Anne-Marie and Paul Cairney in 2005 and moved to its current, larger site in 2014.“Our investment and the grant from Scottish Enterprise will increase our sales and productivity to help build our profile,” said managing director Anne Marie Cairney.”Investing in the workforce is integral to the company’s success as a small family-run business and we provide continuous training, pay the Glasgow Living Wage and provide quality jobs with opportunities for career progression and development.”The Victor Pizza Company works with MCR Pathways, Young Enterprise Scotland, and schools and colleges to encourage local young people to consider a career in the food and drink industry.Michael Cannon, head of grant appraisal at Scottish Enterprise, described the company as a “great example of an inclusive employer investing in its workforce”.“We look forward to working with Victor Pizza to bring inclusive, economic growth to the local community.”
Iowa Utilities’ Strategy Seen as Effort to Curb Solar FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Karen Uhlenhuth for Midwest Energy News:Five months after state regulators strongly urged them to develop pilot projects that would “expand renewable (distributed generation) in Iowa,” Iowa’s two largest utilities have proposed new rate systems that critics contend would do just the opposite.“It’s now official,” said Andy Johnson, a clean-energy advocate and the director of the Winneshiek Energy District. “MidAmerican and Alliant are presenting road maps to move away from net metering in Iowa.”On Monday, the utilities filed documents with the Iowa Utilities Board, outlining in fairly general terms how they might modify the way they treat distributed wind and solar generators owned by customers.“Our company is making a thoughtful move towards using cleaner energy,” said Justin Foss, speaking for Alliant. “We have listened to customers and there is growing interest in having a direct connection with renewable energy generation. Our goal is to create program options that make it easier for customers to access solar energy.”Both utilities said they intend to develop community solar arrays, which they would own. And MidAmerican said it intends to install a one-megawatt battery in conjunction with its community solar system, to better understand how to integrate storage with the grid.“I think that’s a positive,” said Josh Mandelbaum, a lawyer for the Environmental Law & Policy Center who generally advocates for more renewable energy. “Coupling generation with battery technology allows you to capture the full benefits of distributed generation.”Johnson was less impressed with the utilities’ plans to build their own solar generation.“There’s nothing wrong with utilities owning renewables,” he said. “We think they should own more solar – and faster. But don’t try to exclude the rest of us from building or owning wind or solar and getting just compensation.“That’s what this docket is about…but the utilities are trying to take it towards utility ownership and towards policies that disallow and penalize customer and community ownership.”Full article: Iowa utilities propose to ‘pilot’ a rate hike for solar customers
New wind dominates expected capacity additions in U.S. Midcontinent-ISO transmission region FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享S&P Global Market Intelligence ($):Nearly three-quarters of the power generation capacity expected to come into service in the Midcontinent-ISO region in 2019 is to be fueled by wind, according to an S&P Global Market Intelligence analysis.In the Midcontinent-ISO region, stretching from the Gulf Coast of Louisiana to the U.S./Canada border in the Upper Midwest, 8,563 MW of new capacity is expected to begin operation, comprised of about 6,200 MW of wind and 2,120 MW of new natural gas-fired capacity. The project pipeline also includes the 50-MW St. Mary Clean Energy Center waste heat project in Louisiana, 171 MW of solar, and 34 MW of hydro. Another 775 MW are expected to be retired, leaving the region with a net gain of 7,788 MW.Among the capacity set to be retired, WEC Energy Group Inc. plans to shut the 359-MW Presque Isle coal plant in Marquette County, Mich., in May due to unfavorable economics and competition from natural gas. The 312-MW Henderson William L. Newman Station 2 Generation Plant owned by the Henderson (Ky.) City Utility Commission is also scheduled to shut in February.About 48% of the new capacity is in advanced development or under construction, as defined by S&P Global Market Intelligence. Some of the new combined-cycle facilities under construction are Entergy Corp.’s 945-MW St. Charles Power Station in Louisiana and Alliant Energy Corp.’s 732-MW West Riverside Energy Center in Wisconsin.The larger renewable energy projects in later stages of development are mostly wind. Those projects include 468 MW from a combination Alliant Energy’s Upland Prairie Wind Farm (New Wind) and the English Farms I Wind Project (New Wind), which the company is building as part of a plan to add 1,000 MW of wind in Iowa by 2020. Out of the 171 MW of new solar, about 31% are in Minnesota, while the rest are planned in five other states.More ($): ISO Outlook 2019: Wind makes up nearly three-fourths of new MISO power supply
YES, THE MANAGEMENT PLAN COULD HAVE BEEN WORSE. BUT THAT DOESN’T MAKE IT GOOD.At first blush, you could call it a victory. Recently the U.S. Forest Service released a long-term management plan banning oil and gas drilling on all but 177,000 acres of the George Washington National Forest. That portion is currently under gas lease or subject to private mineral rights, and it represents a fraction of the GW’s 1.1 million acres, the vast majority of which will remain closed to drilling. A cause for celebration? Perhaps.“This decision protects the existing uses and values of the special George Washington National Forest,” said Sarah Francisco, senior attorney at the Southern Environmental Law Center. “As a native Virginian who grew up in the Shenandoah Valley, I’m pleased that the U.S. Forest Service has done the right thing and recognized that the [GW]—a beloved place for our entire region—deserves protection.”In one sense, Francisco is right; drilling in part of the largest national forest in the East—enjoyed by more than one million people annually—is better than turning the whole thing into an industrial zone for resource extraction. But it’s painfully obvious that the Forest Service caved in to the oil and gas industry just enough to have its cake and eat it too. By threading this particular needle the way it did, the government fended off costly industry lawsuits that would have been filed in the wake of a total drilling ban, left the door open for drilling in other national forests, and mollified some of those pesky environmentalists who care about trivialities like clean water. Quite the hat trick. Robert Bonnie, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s undersecretary for natural resources and environment, seemed quite pleased with himself in preserving the status quo. “We think we’ve ended up in a much better place, which is we are allowing oil and gas drilling,” he told The Associated Press concerning the final GW management plan. “From a policy perspective, the Forest Service allows fracking on forest lands throughout the country. We didn’t want to make a policy decision or change policy related to fracking.”The Forest Service didn’t want to make a policy decision? Isn’t that its job? Not to mention that issuing drilling permits for nearly a fifth of the GW is a policy decision—one that ignores what fracking will do to vital wildlife habitat, priceless outdoor recreational opportunities, and drinking water (directly or indirectly) for some 4.5 million people. It also leaves the option of drilling in other national forests in the region like the Cherokee and Pisgah-Nantahala, where management plans are now being revised. (The Pisgah-Nantahala plan already contemplates expanding logging into 70-90 percent of that national forest’s acreage.)Some environmentalists have spoken out against opening the Pandora’s box of fracking, even a little bit. ”Unfortunately, allowing the use of fracking within a part of the George Washington National Forest is part of the Obama Administration’s embrace of oil and gas drilling, despite the water, air and climate pollution that is proven to come along with it,” said Earthworks energy program director Bruce Baizel. “In the face of dire warnings from the world’s foremost climate scientists about the need to phase out fossil fuels by 2100 and an authoritative body of science demonstrating the health impacts faced by communities living near oil and gas development, this administration continues to promote an ‘all of the above’ energy policy rather than a swift transition to renewable energy.”Baizel also pointed out that nearby communities, local governments, Virginia governor Terry McAuliffe, and every major water utility in the Washington D.C. area opposed drilling in the GW. As a matter of fact, so did the Forest Service itself at one point. Its draft management plan released three years ago would have banned all horizontal drilling, including fracking. But naturally Big Oil was having none of that, so the agency, duly cowed, reversed itself. And everyone who’s not an industry executive in a $3000 suit is worse off as a result. Pumping huge quantities of chemical-laden water into the ground to break up shale formations threatens critical groundwater supplies and produces piles of hazardous waste, much of which is temporarily stored in open-air pits. According to Appalachian Voices, an environmental group, both wells and waste-containment ponds can release toxic chemicals into the air and water. In Pennsylvania, for example, state officials have confirmed 243 known cases of private drinking water well contamination by the natural gas industry since drilling expanded there in 2008.Beyond all this, drilling in the GW further entrenches our short-sighted reliance on fossil fuels. President Obama’s “all of the above” energy policy, which Bonnie cited in justifying drilling in the GW and seems to think the world of, is really a cop-out; it props up Big Oil at the expense of the environment while pretending to be green. (Pay no attention to those giant holes in the earth spewing black sludge! Check out these shiny solar panels!) The smarter play would be to follow New York’s example, which recently banned fracking state-wide. Governor Andrew Cuomo apparently understands something that our national leaders do not: the longer we allow ourselves to depend on oil and gas, the longer it will take to move to the sustainable-energy economy that most politicians say they want—unless it costs them votes or campaign contributions. Cuomo stood up to Big Oil, and we should hold all of our elected representatives to the same standard. •