Fitness can be profoundly influenced by the age at first reproduction (AFR), but to date the AFR–fitness relationship only has been investigated intraspecifically. Here, we investigated the relationship between AFR and average lifetime reproductive success (LRS) across 34 bird species. We assessed differences in the deviation of the Optimal AFR (i.e., the species-specific AFR associated with the highest LRS) from the age at sexual maturity, considering potential effects of life history as well as social and ecological factors. Most individuals adopted the species-specific Optimal AFR and both the mean and Optimal AFR of species correlated positively with life span. Interspecific deviations of the Optimal AFR were associated with indices reflecting a change in LRS or survival as a function of AFR: a delayed AFR was beneficial in species where early AFR was associated with a decrease in subsequent survival or reproductive output. Overall, our results suggest that a delayed onset of reproduction beyond maturity is an optimal strategy explained by a long life span and costs of early reproduction. By providing the first empirical confirmations of key predictions of life-history theory across species, this study contributes to a better understanding of life-history evolution.
Gulf Shores and Orange Beach are known for their 32 miles ofwhite-sand beaches that line the turquoise waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Butthere is more than meets the eye for nature lovers searching for a vacationlocation. The Alabama Gulf Coast is home to a vast amount of diverse flora andfauna. From hundreds of migratory birds and monarch butterflies to bottlenose dolphinsand pitcher plant bogs, it’s no wonder that the wildlife in this destinationdraws nature enthusiasts from around the country (and the world) all year long. Romar Beach Along with these fantastic parks and our miles of beaches, there is much more to be explored when you get outside in Gulf Shores and Orange Beach. From paddling along the Coastal Alabama Back Bay Blueway and deep-sea fishing in the Gulf of Mexico to learning about dolphins on a nature cruise and ziplining through luscious green trees, you’ll never lack for adventure on the Alabama Gulf Coast. Alabama tourism project photos from Thursday, August 17, 2017 at The Wharf and OWA. PHOTO BY CHRIS GRANGER Gulf State Park is one of the most popular spots to get outdoors along Alabama’s beaches. This park is truly a destination within the destination. Boasting three miles of beaches, seven unique ecosystems, 28+ miles of paved biking and hiking trails, a 1,540-foot saltwater fishing pier, Interpretive Center, Nature Center and much, much more, it’s an ideal attraction for active adventurers who love exploring the world around them. Recently, the park welcomed a new addition: The Lodge at Gulf State Park, A Hilton Hotel. Located on the beaches of the park, this property offers 350 rooms, four restaurants and a variety of other amenities. The Lodge is also seeking several environmental and sustainability certifications including SITES Platinum and LEED Gold. The park’s updated cottages have been named as part of National Geographic’s Unique Lodges of the World program. To learn all about the natural fun found on Alabama’s beaches, visit our website and order a 2019 vacation guide, today! Another favorite location to explore nature is the Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. Since its establishment, Bon Secour has become a safe haven for endangered animals including sea turtles and the Alabama beach mouse as well as the 360+ species of migratory birds who stop here between their breeding and wintering grounds. The refuge also encompasses some of the last remaining untouched coastal habitat in Alabama. Offering a variety of trails that explore several ecosystems, this is a great spot for those wanting to get up-close with the diverse wildlife found on the Gulf Coast. Blue heron on the beachFive Rivers Delta Resource Center Signature Experience – Reel SurpriseGulf Adventure Center at The Wharf
That would have been one infiltrated fly. As most tend to do… I think folks in general just don’t watch OSU much… As they tend to do. If you’re looking for the comments section, it has moved to our forum, The Chamber. You can go there to comment and holler about these articles, specifically in these threads. You can register for a free account right here and will need one to comment.If you’re wondering why we decided to do this, we wrote about that here. Thank you and cheers! This was when the chain was broken in the second half, I think I laughed out loud. As always, I was trolling the interwebs during the OSU Missouri game looking to bring you some of the best 140-character bits and pieces from around the globe. Here they are…This was right after Brodrick Brown’s pick. It killed me. For the haterz. I have no idea why, but this is true. WOW Also very humorous.. VERY well played. Justin Gilbert looked phenomenal. In reference to the very strange and very staged conversation the receivers had at Bad Brad’s during the Depth Chart piece. As Travis Haney would say….”Esiason!” Back with more thoughts tomorrow. Enjoy yourself some Bucky tonight. They’ll have to win by 300 to pass OSU so feel free to fully indulge. Figures…