青春校园

first_imgStay on target NASA Says 2 Asteroids Will Safely Fly By Earth This WeekendScientists Discover Possible Interstellar Visitor Smart spacesuits, an exoplanet telescope, and solar surfing, oh my!NASA this week unveiled 18 space technology concepts selected for further research, as part of the agency’s Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program.These funded technologies have the potential to transform human and robotic exploration of other worlds—including the Moon and Mars.“Our NIAC program nurtures visionary ideas that could transform future NASA missions by investing in revolutionary technologies,” Jim Reuter, acting associate administrator of NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate, said in a statement.“We look to America’s innovators to help us push the boundaries of space exploration with new technology,” he added.Twelve hand-picked Phase I studies cover a range of innovations, each valued at approximately $125,000 for nine months of research.Bioinspired Ray for Extreme Environments and Zonal Exploration (BREEZE): Combines inflatable structures with bio-inspired kinematics to explore and study the atmosphere of Venus (Javid Bayandor, State University of New York)Power Beaming for Long Life Venus Surface Missions: Supports a Venus surface mission with power beaming (Erik Brandon, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory)SmartSuit: Intelligent spacesuit design with soft robotics, self-healing skin, and data collection for extravehicular activity in extreme environments (Ana Diaz Artiles, Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station)Dual Use Exoplanet Telescope (DUET): Telescope designed to find and characterize planetary systems outside the Solar System (Tom Ditto, 3DeWitt LLC)Micro-Probes Propelled and Powered by Planetary Atmospheric Electricity (MP4AE): Floating microprobes that use electrostatic lift to study planetary atmospheres (Yu Gu, West Virginia University)Swarm-Probe Enabled ATEG Reactor (SPEAR) Probe: Ultra-lightweight nuclear electric propulsion probe for deep-space exploration (Troy Howe, Howe Industries)Ripcord Innovative Power System (RIPS): Investigation of a drag using ripcord unspooling power system for descent probes into planets with atmospheres, such as Saturn (Noam Izenberg, Johns Hopkins University)Power for Interstellar Fly-by: Power harvesting from ultra-miniature probes to enable interstellar missions (Geoffrey Landis, NASA’s Glenn Research Center)Lunar-polar Propellant Mining Outpost (LPMO): Lunar pole ice mining for propellant production (Joel Serce, TransAstra Corporation)Crosscutting High Apogee Refueling Orbital Navigator (CHARON): System for small space debris mitigation (John Slough, MSNW LLC)Thermal Mining of Ices on Cold Solar System Bodies: Proposes using heat application on frozen volatiles and other materials for resource extraction (George Sowers, Colorado School of Mines)Low-Cost SmallSats to Explore to Our Solar System’s Boundaries: Design for small satellite heliophysics mission to outer Solar System (Robert Staehle, JPL)If their initial feasibility studies are successful, participants can apply for Phase II awards, which allow researchers to further develop concepts, refine designs, and start considering how the technology will be implemented.Awards under Phase II can be worth as much as $500,000 for two-year studies.The High Étendue Multiple Object Spectrographic Telescope (THE MOST): Flexible optical telescope design that can be installed on a 3D-printed structure (Tom Ditto, 3DeWitt LLC)Rotary-Motion-Extended Array Synthesis (R-MXAS): Geostationary synthetic aperture imaging radiometer with a rotating tethered antenna (John Kendra, Leidos, Inc.)Self-Guided Beamed Propulsion for Breakthrough Interstellar Missions: Effort to advance self-guided beamed propulsion technology (Chris Limbach, Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station)Astrophysics and Technical Lab Studies of a Solar Neutrino Spacecraft Detector: Small-scale neutrino detector study to advance detector technology for future probe missions (Nickolas Solomey, Wichita State University)Diffractive LightSails: Study to design and advance passive and electro-optically active diffractive films for missions in low-Earth orbit, inner solar orbits, and to distant stars (Grover Swartzlander, Rochester Institute of Technology)Solar Surfing: Materials-science study to determine best protective materials to enable heliophysics missions closer to the Sun (Doug Willard, NASA’s Kennedy Space Center)All projects are still in early stages of development; most require a decade or more of concept maturation and technology development.For the first time this summer, the NIAC program will select one Phase III research study, awarding as much as $2 million for up to two years.“NIAC is about going to the edge of science fiction, but not over,” according to Jason Derleth, NIAC program executive. “We are supporting high-impact technology concepts that could change how we explore within the Solar System and beyond.”More on Geek.com:Astronomers Capture Image of Black Hole for the First TimeISS Astronauts Had the Ultimate Pizza Party Before a SpacewalkFirst All-Female Spacewalk Aborted Due to Ill-Fitting Suitlast_img read more