SAN FRANCISCO — It’s possible Madison Bumgarner has already made his final start in a Giants uniform.Giants manager Bruce Bochy said Friday that Bumgarner will not start the team’s season finale against the Los Angeles Dodgers on Sunday.“I talked to him and we discussed the whole thing,” Bochy said. “I’ll just have him hang with me and watch the game with me and I didn’t want him to feel like he had to get out there.”Bochy declined to name a starter for the last game of his 25-year career, …
Twenty-two-year-old Ugandan Best Ayiorwoth won the 2013 Anzisha Prize, an award for African entrepreneurs between the ages of 15 and 22 who have developed and implemented innovative business and community projects. (Image:The New Africa)• Entrepreneur builds internet empire • Meet a top social entrepreneur • Entrepreneurship key for jobless youth • Eastern Cape entrepreneurs in spotlightLucille DavieMany thousands of schoolchildren across Africa, especially girls, are forced to leave school in order to contribute to the upkeep of the household. The rare few turn the situation around, and support not only themselves, but other families too.One such person is 22-year-old Ugandan Best Ayiorwoth, the winner of the 2013 Anzisha Prize, an award for African entrepreneurs between the ages of 15 and 22 who have developed and implemented innovative business and community projects. She has used the prize money of $25 000 (R274 000) to bolster her business, Girls Power Micro-Lending Organisation or Gipomo, a microcredit business she started at the age of 19.Ayiorwoth was forced to leave school at the age of 13, a fate she bitterly resented. “Personally, I love being educated. I always wished to go to high standards in my education if it was possible. But unfortunately, I did not have the chance to go to the level of education I wanted and I stopped at Secondary Four in Uganda,” Ayiorwoth told How we Made it in Africa in January.“I never wanted to stop at that point in my education so it angered me … I would always remind myself that someday when I could, I would ensure that every girl child in my community received the best education they could.”She had lost her father when she was eight years old, leaving her mother with seven children, in the Nebbi district of northern Uganda. Then at 13, she lost her mother just as she was about to go to high school. She had to drop out of school to help support the family. At 17, she moved to Uganda’s capital, Kampala, where she joined a vocational training school and got training in catering and entrepreneurship through the S7 Project, a skills empowerment centre. Through the centre she got a job working in a Mexican restaurant, and used her first salary to start her own business.“I wanted to prevent what happened to me from happening to other girls because I knew it was a social injustice. So the first salary I got from the restaurant is what I used to open my organisation,” she told the website.Returned homeIn early 2011, she returned to her home and started Gipomo, to help girls who, like herself, were forced to drop out of school. She realised that if you empowered mothers through microloans, they would keep their children in school. She made it a condition of her loans: if mothers kept their daughters in school, they would be given a loan, but if they didn’t, they would not be granted loans.“My organisation has a unique twist in microfinance by providing tied loans to women who make a commitment to grow businesses while keeping their girl children in school.”With a capital base of just $40, Ayiorwoth started giving loans, at a 10% interest rate, ploughing the profit back into her business. Before long, her mentor at the S7 Project, noticing her progress, loaned her $322 to further encourage her small business. She gives huge credit to her mentor for encouraging her to reach her full potential as a businesswoman.64 new businessesTo date, Gipomo has helped 64 women start their own businesses, 111 women expand their existing businesses, and resulted in 168 girls remaining in school. At the beginning of 2013, Ayiorwoth won $400 in the Fina Africa Enterprise Business Challenge. In August, she won the Anzisha Prize. With a percentage of the money, she has expanded to four provinces in northern Uganda.Along the way, two women defaulted on their loans, so she worked out a new business model. To access a loan, women have to join with other women, in a group of at least three. The reasoning is that if the women know and trust one another, they can be guarantors for each other’s loans.“We give them the freedom to choose who they want to be with in a group so that loans are secured. So if one woman has a problem of paying then the two others can always figure it out and stand in for that person,” said Ayiorwoth. “This makes it easy for women without formal collateral to access financing in an easy way.”Another challenge was working with illiterate women who spoke a variety of languages. This was solved by collaborating with women in local government who would help with communication. Gipomo has expanded to agriculture, launching a Women in Agriculture fund with the government, to support women who need microfinance for agriculture ventures.Big plansAyiorwoth has just turned 22, and, like all entrepreneurs, has big ambitions for her organisation. Five-year plans include expanding in northern Uganda, with the goal of reaching 5 000 women; 10-year plans include launching her project across the country. “And we can even go further ahead and say that I see my model being replicated in various African countries because I know that the same problems are faced elsewhere.”This was “a new movement that redefines microfinance; to provide for specific needs in specific communities”. She had the wisdom to see that it could “never be relevant if it has one model. In one community, it should provide affordable finance for girl education and in another, it should provide affordable finance for land ownership – whatever the challenge a community faces.”She also plans to launch an Education for Girls fund to provide interest-free loans to households wanting to enrol out-of-school girls in skills development programmes. “I believe that once the girls possess practical skills, the chances that they will establish enterprises that apply these skills are high,” said Ayiorwoth. She sees this as developing a new generation of mothers who are skilled, entrepreneurial and empowered financially to support their families, and ensure their daughters’ education.She believes fiercely that no matter what difficulties people have to overcome, they should treat the experience as something from which to learn, to “seek inspiration from their own experience”.
There are plenty of books about Nelson Mandela – written by himself, by people who knew him and by historians and journalists. Taken together, they tell a story of a life that towers above others, yet also reveal the more private experiences of the great man. “Nelson Mandela: An Authorised Portrait” draws on extensive interviews with family members and other people of influence in Mandela’s life.(Images: Nelson Mandela Foundation) • Mandela: childhood heroes and lessons• Madiba’s legacy is forever• The women in Madiba’s life • Mandela in film • Jazz inspired by Madiba Mathiba Molefe and Bheki MdakaneWhile Nelson Mandela’s public persona is well-known worldwide, the man was also an enigma. What was it like in prison for 27 years? What made him the man of peace he became? For 27 years he disappeared from view, hidden away in prison by the apartheid government. The longer he stayed behind bars, the more curiosity about him grew.It was no surprise, then, that the release of Madiba in 1990 triggered an avalanche of books, both authorised and unauthorised, documenting his life and speculating about events on Robben Island during those long years. Novels, biographies, autobiographies, children’s books and business books have been written since then – and his death will inevitably cause another flurry of publishing.The most well-known book on Mandela is, of course, Long Walk to Freedom, his autobiography published in 1994, four years after his release. In 500-plus pages, Mandela tells the story of his experiences and how they helped shape him into the man he became. In his acknowledgements, he writes: “As readers will discover, this book has a long history. I began writing it clandestinely in 1974 during my imprisonment on Robben Island.”He writes about his youth and being the foster son of a Thembu chief and how he had to negotiate both the world of his tradition and the reality of a white-dominated country. It tells of how he earned a scholarship to study law and chose to become a politician and human rights activist. It also documents the events that led him to join the African National Congress (ANC), his role in the creation of the ANC Youth League in 1944 and his presidency of the youth liberation movement in the 1950s. In his autobiography, he writes about the people who came into his life and what set him on the path towards becoming an icon of peace. Mandela’s autobiography, “Long Walk to Freedom”, is the most popular book about the former president.The Rivonia TrialThe reader is able to experience the Rivonia Trial of 1964 from the perspective of one of the men whose fate was decided by the events that took place in the trial. He gives you an idea of his time in prison, and writes about the negotiations that led to his release in 1990 and the beginnings of the rainbow nation.Another book, The Struggle is My Life, is a collection of Mandela’s speeches and political writings from as far back as when he was the leader of the ANC Youth League to his release in 1990. For many, this book has been the only way to peer into the life of the man who suffered for his ideals and his people during the political turmoil in South Africa.Authored by Mandela, the book contains some of the most moving and inspirational words to be spoken by the great man, including the famous statement from the dock in the Rivonia Trial, “I am prepared to die”, before sentencing began.He ended that speech with the words: “During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”Intimate portraitAnother of Madiba’s well-known books is Conversations with Myself, published in 2010. The foreword is written by American President Barack Obama, and it is regarded by some as the most personal picture of South Africa’s former president yet. It contains bits and pieces of Madiba’s life, extracts from his diaries, calendars and letters as well as well as transcripts from recordings by Richard Stengel, the Time editor who collaborated with Mandela on his autobiography, during the writing of Long Walk to Freedom.Conversations with Myself is a very intimate look into the life of Mandela and is told in a very raw way. It has no specific layout, much like life itself, and allows the reader to follow Mandela as he relives the trying times of his life, including health issues, dreams and political initiatives.It gives a real portrait of the man. In it, he writes: “I love playing and chatting with children … feeding and putting them to bed with a little story, and being away from the family has troubled me throughout my life. I like relaxing at the house, reading quietly, taking in the sweet smell that comes from the pots, sitting around a table with the family and taking out my wife and children. When you can no longer enjoy these simple pleasures something valuable is taken away from your life and you feel it in your daily work.” Mandela selected 32 indigenous stories from all over the African continent for the book “Nelson Mandela’s Favourite African Folktales”.Children’s booksMandela’s love for children – and his certain knowledge of the important role that the youth will play in shaping the future of South Africa – is no secret. It comes as no surprise, then, that among the myriad books that have been written by him and about him there are a few intended for an audience of a more tender age.Among these are Nelson Mandela’s Favourite African Folktales and a children’s version of Long Walk to Freedom, which was abridged by author, novelist and poet Christopher van Wyk and illustrated by author and illustrator Paddy Bouma. The former, edited by Mandela himself, is a collection of 32 indigenous stories from all over the African continent, selected by Madiba for their beautiful portrayal of humanity.An Authorized Biography by the late journalist Anthony Sampson is one of the few books about Mandela that touches on certain major events in his life, such as Winnie Mandela’s alleged crimes as well as former president FW de Klerk’s attempts to exacerbate the violence between the Inkatha Freedom Party and ANC to derail the movements of the anti-apartheid forces.“I am what I am … both as a result of people who respected me and helped me, and of those who did not respect me and treated me badly,” quotes Sampson of Mandela.The young lionDavid James Smith, a journalist born in the south of London, wrote Young Mandela, focusing on his earlier years as the enemy of white minority rule of South Africa. Today many people picture Mandela as the benign elderly statesman he was when he walked out of prison in 1994, but this wasn’t always the case. This book tells of a time when Mandela was regarded as a threat to the well-being of the country, a revolutionary, a “terrorist” who threatened to overthrow the government prior to his imprisonment in the 1960s.It captures the emotional tale of how Mandela had to leave his family to continue his work against the apartheid regime on the run, adopting many false names and disguises in attempts to evade capture. It lets the reader see Mandela in a different light, one that shows his flaws and reveals that he has made mistakes. Several sources believe this is one of the most important books on the man.Another well-known biography is Nelson Mandela: An Authorised Portrait, which was written and compiled in 2006 by activists Mac Maharaj and Ahmad Kathrada, writer Mike Nicol, and historian Tim Couzens. It draws on extensive interviews with family members and other people of influence in Mandela’s life as well as some of the world’s leading political figures and entertainers. It is also illustrated with about 250 seldom seen pictures.It is a tribute to the humanity and remarkable determination of the great man and chronicles his exceptional contributions to his people and the people of the world. It tells his story from his birth and childhood to his political involvement through his imprisonment to his term in the presidency during the mid- to late nineties. The foreword was written by the former president of the United States, Bill Clinton, and it features an introduction by former Anglican archbishop, Desmond Tutu. It is one of the most comprehensive tributes to Mandela’s life.In 2006, Oxford University Press released a book called Mandela A Critical Life by Tom Lodge. It went on to be hailed as the most analytically incisive and discerning of the Mandela biographies to date. Drawing from a range of sources, including earlier biographies such as Fatima Meer’s Higher Than Hope and Anthony Sampson’s Mandela, this book gives the reader a number of new insights about the making of Madiba’s personality and his messianic leadership status.In the preface, Lodge says: “My understanding of Mandela’s childhood is, I think, more complicated than in other narratives of his childhood.” This gives a sense that he touches on matters that other writers who have pursued the same objectives may have overlooked.Life on Robben IslandTwo books focus solely on his life on Robben Island: A Prisoner in the Garden and Nelson Mandela’s Warders, with the latter examining the relationships he had with three of his prison warders. Mike Nicol, its writer, expressed the difficulty he had in understanding the relationships between Madiba and the warders, James Gregory, Christo Brand and Jack Swart. “Their claims address the central challenge of historiography: the authority of the storyteller.” He also goes on to say Gregory’s narrative stands in conflict with those of Brand and Swart.Written by Sarah Groves, A Prisoner in the Garden is a visual documentation of Mandela’s years on Robben Island and includes some previously unpublished photographs, along with snippets from letters written to his family from his cell and extracts from his diary. Together these writings create a picture of life in prison but also give the reader an idea of just how determined Mandela was and how he and his comrades never gave up their dream of seeing their people living free of oppression.There is plenty of food for thought here, though this is a small and by no means exhaustive selection of the many books written about and by Mandela.
Surely the best place in town, Hauz Khas Village is are pository of kitsch and quirky items. Simply Delhi takes you around the best places in the area. Purple JungleLike many foreigners, French designers Iris and Emeline were also fascinated by the vibrancy of India symbolised by the chaiwalla, barber,,Surely the best place in town, Hauz Khas Village is are pository of kitsch and quirky items. Simply Delhi takes you around the best places in the area.Purple JungleLike many foreigners, French designers Iris and Emeline were also fascinated by the vibrancy of India symbolised by the chaiwalla, barber, auto rickshaws, fruit juice corners, cows, and messages on trucks. Purple Jungle brings out the colour of everyday life in their range of kitschy accessories like bags, posters, coasters, cushions and sofas. Their products already retail out of stores in Bengaluru, Mumbai, Chennai and Surat. The products here are displayed in an unusual manner. While the bags hang from white plastic taps, pouches are stored in steel utensils and stuffed toys in plastic tubs. The shape of the bags may be conventional and the material ordinary, but the funky designs do the trick here.Where: Shop No 16, Hauz Khas Village.Cost: Rs 200 to Rs 600 (Pouch); Rs 600 to Rs 2,000 (bags); Rs 1,000 onward (cushions).Tel: 26538182; purple-jungle.comLola’s worldThis mom and childrens’ store houses international brands for kids-from clothes, toys to furniture. The brands include Bensimon for shoes, Moulin Roty for soft toy characters like Louna the bee, Petit Jour for kitchen accessories, Madam Mo notebooks, postcard and colouring books. Mother-daughter French designers Chloe le Bonnois and Danielle brought their French brand Nana Ki to India in 2006 which is also available at the store. The best part about their clothes is that they use Indian fabrics and motifs in kids’ clothes. Some of the most picked items from their store include colourful school bags and soft toys.Where: Shop 30, Hauz Khas Village.Cost: Rs 600 to Rs 6,000 for kids furniture, toys and clothes.Tel: 64514201; lolasworld.netadvertisementMaatiHand-painted is the buzzword here. Owners Aniruddha and Swati Saha go to villages near Kolkata and in Uttranchal to buy works of local artisans. All their products highlight traditional art forms like dokra earrings from Jharkhand, jute earrings from Assam and water hyacinth jewellery from Nagaland. T-shirts and kurtis are painted with motifs like Nataraja and Shiva. The items considered best buys include their hand-painted peacock clutches, saris and blockprint dupattas.Where: 26 Hauz Khas VillageCost: Rs 650 to Rs 1,600 for T-shirts and kurtis, Rs 1,400 to Rs 1,600 for bags, Rs 150 to Rs 500 for cushion coversTel: 9910085433; [email protected] Kant, a graduate from National Institue of Fashion Technology ditched the ramp to start something of his own. He started with painting a few helmets which were loved by his designer friends. Within a few months Kant had painted all sorts of bric-a-brac that he saw around-from keychains, cigarette cases, card holders, wallets, ties and bags to pocket watches. At his store, which opened last year in January, there are helmets and ties with Che Guevara paintings, and wallets with paintings of Indian legends like Bhagat Singh and Subhas Chandra Bose. You can even get your BlackBerry painted the way you like.Where: T 49, Hauz Khas Village.Cost: Rs 500 to Rs 800 (wallets and card holders).Tel: 9560709313; facebook.com/rohitkantNaapa DoriGiving up his career in fashion to let leather and thread (nappa and dori) play muse to his skills, Gautam Sinha set up Nappa Dori in HKV. In his store, he combines Indian rural scenes or images of the British Raj, Moghul architecture or portraits of holy men with leather, canvas and fine craftsmanship.Look for their laptop bags with digital prints of Delhi’s monuments or life in Kolkata, satchels made of harness leather, same as what youd find on a horse saddle, and iPad covers made of cow hide. Accessories like pencil rolls, storage boxes and colorful macaroon measuring tapes are cool buys here.Where: Shop No 4, Hauz Khas Village.Cost: Premium collection ranges between Rs 3,000 to Rs 15,000.Tel: 9810400778; nappadori.com